Thursday, March 29, 2012

Photographing the Appalachian Mountains with a Nikon

One of the reasons I am so excited by nature photography is the fact that I live only a few miles from the best of the Appalachian Mountains. I am quite excited right now because next month, October, is the month for spectacular color in "my" mountains. Each year I make a pilgrimage to three areas in particular: Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Parkway, and Cherohala Skyway. Let me tell you about my favorite spots in each place.

Great Smoky Mountains

I've been going to the Smokies for over 40 years and haven't tired of it yet. When I find myself walking around in Cades Cove, I often close my eyes and just listen to the sounds. I sense the history of the ancient mountains surrounding me and feel like I'm a time traveler. I imagine myself standing here 1000 years ago when the Cherokee Indian nation lived a peaceful life here in the cove between the ridges. It isn't hard to imagine a Cherokee hunter standing where I am standing. He is looking for game to take back to his family and walks quietly with his bow at the ready, stalking a white-tailed deer. He gets the shot.

I find myself doing the same, stalking a white-tailed deer and getting the shot—with my Nikon and AF Nikkor 80-400mm VR. The deer are quite tame in the Smokies since they are rarely hunted and are used to seeing people.

Female White-tailed Deer in early spring (still in winter coat) at Cades Cove, Smoky Mountains, Tennessee, USA

The Cades Cove area of the Smoky Mountains teems with wildlife. It is not uncommon to see deer, bears, raccoons, skunks, squirrels, salamanders, newts, birds, and fish, all in just one day. When you come to the Smokies, bring large memory cards and extra batteries, you'll need them.

Just down the road from Cades Cove is an out-of-the-way place that few know about. It is called Tremont. The middle prong of the Little Pigeon River flows through this area. It is a nature photographer's delight, with world class views of an often roaring mountain-fed river having many cascades and waterfalls.

Little Pigeon River at Tremont in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, USA

To take a flowing stream shot like this one, you'll need to use the following equipment and guidelines:
  • Set Shooting Menu > Long exp. NR (long exposure noise reduction) to On.
  • Turn off VR (vibration reduction) on your lens.
  • Shoot on an fully overcast day only! 
  • Use a tripod.
  • Use a circular polarizer.
  • Use a wide to short telephoto zoom like the AF-S Nikkor 16-85mm, 18-105mm, or even the 18-55mm. 
  • Set your camera up on the tripod and frame your shot with the zoom lens.
  • Use the polarizer to remove most of the reflections from the water, darkening it. 
  • Set the camera's aperture to f/22 giving you maximum depth of field.
  • Focus 1/3 of the way into the scene and use a remote release cable to fire the shutter. If you do not have a release cable, use the Custom Setting Menu > d Shooting/display > Exposure delay mode. This will result first in a one second delay to let vibrations die down; then the camera will fire a long exposure of from 4 to 10 seconds, blurring the water in a wonderful way. 
The overcast day removes a great deal of the contrast from the scene, which is good because a digital camera cannot record the huge contrast between streamers of sunlight and the darkness in the woods. I have shot hundreds of these wonderful stream images and really enjoy looking at them.

Plus, they sell well as fine art images. Here's a great book I have read, telling how to sell your images as fine art: Marketing Fine Art Photography by Alain Briot (published by Rocky Nook). I highly recommend Alain's book if you are interested in selling your images as fine art. It will teach you all the tricks!

There is an area just outside Great Smoky Mountains National Park called Foothills Parkway. It has many overlooks that view the mountains of the park. You can get nice "smoky" pictures early in the morning before the sun burns off the mist. At sunset you can get some really nice shots. During the day you will simply be amazed. Here are three shots from Foothills Parkway West:

Sunrise on Foothills Parkway West, Smoky Mountains, Tennessee, USA

Autumn Morning on Foothills Parkway West, Smoky Mountains, Tennessee, USA

Sunset on Foothills Parkway West, Smoky Mountains, Tennessee, USA

I took the pictures above with my Nikon on a tripod, using smaller apertures in the f/8 to f/11 range, Matrix metering, and Aperture priority auto mode (A). All you have to do in the Smokies is be there and be willing to shoot! Nature will put on a show for you. Great Smoky Mountains National Park in the autumn of the year is one of the most beautiful places on earth. F/8 and be there!

Here is an excellent photographer's guide to the Smokies, called Photographing the Great Smoky Mountains by Jim Hargan. Jim tells about the best places and picture angles for enthusiastic photographers.

Blue Ridge Parkway

The Blue Ridge Parkway is a 469 mile National Park stretching from Shenandoah National Park in Virginia to Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Cherokee, North Carolina, USA. Except where the parkway runs through local cities, such as Asheville, North Carolina, the entire parkway is wilderness territory. Bring plenty of food and make sure your car is full of gas, there are no gas stations, although there are exits from the parkway into smaller towns where gasoline and lodging is available.

Along the parkway you will experience protected mountain views with nothing visible except for amazing mountain scenes. The Department of the Interior will not allow any man-made construction to be seen from the overlooks for 25 miles away from the mountain. You will experience a true wilderness environment on an easy to drive paved roadway. Plan on taking two or three days to drive the parkway. More if you stop as often as most photographers to get simply breathtaking views from thousands of feet up. Here is a shots from Waterrock Knob at 6292 feet (1917 meters). Following that are a couple of different Blue Ridge Parkway views.

Waterrock Knob, Blue Ridge Parkway, North Carolina, USA

Automobile Driving Along Blue Ridge Parkway, North Carolina, USA

Devil's Courthouse Butte (5760 feet, 1755 meters) on Blue Ridge Parkway, North Carolina, USA

All of these pictures were taken with a Nikon DSLR (either a D2X, D300, or D300S). In years past, I often used older manual focus AI Nikkors for scenics like this, especially the 35mm f/2. Plus, I always used a tripod and remote release cable for this type of shot. The last couple of years I've been using a Sigma 18-50mm f/2.8 EX DC Macro lens. It is amazingly sharp and has become my favorite landscape lens. Less hassle since I can frame better. All of my landscape shots are made with a Hoya circular polarizer to remove reflections from the colorful leaves, deepening the natural color saturation. When you shoot landscapes, please use a polarizer and dial out reflections. You will make images that lesser photographers only wish they could make.

Jim Hargan also has a book on the Blue Ridge Parkway called The Photographer's Guide to the Blue Ridge Parkway. Books like Jim's make it a lot easier to find enjoyable spots and learn how to best shoot them.

Cherohala Skyway

In comparison to the Great Smokies, the Cherohala Skyway is not a well known place, so there are less people around. This only adds to the opportunities for superior photography.

Back in 1958 at a Kiwanas Club meeting in Tellico Plains, a joke was made that the only roads into North Carolina from Tennessee were the original roads made by settlers taking wagon trains west in the 1800's. An idea was proposed to bring attention to this fact by having a wagon train from Tellico Plains to Robbinsville, North Carolina. This was done and developed into a tradition. Once a year, from that time forward, the wagon train would make its trip. This caught the interest of local and national political leaders. Over forty years later, a 52 mile two-lane blacktop highway was created at the cost of over $100 Million Dollars. On October 12, 1996, the Cherohala Skyway was officially opened.

In April 1997 North Carolina recognized the Skyway by declaring it a "Scenic Byway." Later it became recognized as a "National Scenic Byway." The name Cherohala comes from the combination of two national forest names. The Cherokee and Nantahala National Forest names were combined to form the word Cherohala.

Bald River Falls in Tellico Plains, Tennessee, USA, near the start of Cherohala Skyway.

Cherohala Skyway begins in Tellico Plains of Monroe County Tennessee and ends 50+ miles later in Robbins North Carolina.  That fifty mile drive across the National Scenic Byway is one of personal enjoyment and beauty.

In my experience, it takes about three or four hours to make the drive.  I'll stop at the overlooks and sit for a few minutes—enjoying the deep mountain view.  The wind is invariably blowing and provides a respite from summer heat. My favorite time to travel the Cherohala Skyway is in Autumn since the colors are often spectacular.

Cherohala Skyway View in Tennessee, USA

When shooting on the Cherohala Skyway, plan to have a tripod with you since it can be a bit windy. It might be good to bring some hooks so that you can hang your camera bag from the bottom of your tripod for extra stability. Learn how to use High Dynamic Range (HDR) techniques in order to capture the sometimes high contrast you'll find. Shady roads and bright skies can be hard to capture without using advanced techniques like HDR or by using a graduated neutral density filter. (More about HDR later.)

Cherohala Skyway in Peak Autumn Color, Tennessee, USA

It's always much more fun to have a companion or two with you on the Skyway. I often take photographer buddies with me. We'll set up our tripods and see who can take the best pictures. Later it's a lot of fun to compare the images and see who got that coveted masterpiece for their blog, album, or wall. The Cherohala Skyway is like a short version of the Blue Ridge Parkway. Instead of the hundreds of miles on the Blue Ridge Parkway, the 50 miles of the Cherohala Skyway is about a half-day's trip; when time is allowed for stopping at the most impressive overlooks. If you are on the parkway with a bunch of fanatical Nikonians—like I often am—you might even wring a full day out of it.

When you are traveling the Skyway, you can pull off on the wide shoulders of the road and at overlooks for some really spectacular images.  Bring large memory cards for your camera and prepare to come home with some of the most beautiful images you've ever taken.  Also bring lots of food and gasoline, you'll not want to leave soon.

Cherohala Skyway Overlook in Peak Autumn Color, Tennessee, USA

The only "problem" I can detect on the Skyway is that it ends in the middle of nowhere in North Carolina.  To get back to civilization one has to either reverse course back down the Skyway, or travel toward Maryville Tennessee on a road called the Dragon's Tail. This road is highway 129 from Robbins NC to Maryville TN. The Dragon has an enormous number of deep curves that allow a biker to lay their cycle over on its side in a sweeping turn. For this reason the Skyway is frequented by sometimes hundreds of motorcyclists and sport's car drivers as they travel toward the twisty Dragon road at the end of the Skyway.  Plan on allowing a couple of hours travel time into Maryville due to the heavy cycle, sport traffic, and endless curves of the Dragon.

Cherohala Skyway Bikers, North Carolina, USA

When you're driving along the Dragon's Tail, there are now many pulloffs that allow you to get out of the way of the enthusiastic bikers as they lean into the curves with gusto. Please do let the bikes and sport's cars get by since many of them have traveled a long distance to get to the famous road and want to enjoy themselves. There have been many many accidents due to the disparity between the speed of the bikes and cars. Also, be prepared to have your picture taken as you drive along the Dragon. There are a number of websites that station photographers along the Dragon and take your picture as you drive by.  They even photograph the family van on the move. You can then go to one of the websites and buy your photo as you drive along avoiding bikers.

A Little More on HDR While on the Cherohala Skyway

As I mentioned earlier, I am beginning to prefer shooting HDR in the contrasty mountains. It's especially easy to use HDR since I bought the low-cost Photomatix Pro software for my computer.  It makes the combination of HDR images much easier to accomplish. An alternative is Nik software's HDR Efex Pro. Here is a great new book on HDR technique by Jack Howard: Practical HDRI, 2nd Edition (published by Rocky Nook).

Following is a sample HDR picture with three separate images combined, each having a 2-stop difference in exposure. I was able to capture the darker water, and the bright sunlit foliage and sky all in one image with HDR. Using HDR doesn't mean your image has to look garish and strange. It can simply be used to capture dynamic range in your images that would be very difficult if not impossible otherwise, as my image proves. Get Jack's HDR book and learn how!

There is one final book I'd like to recommend for those who want to travel through these lovely mountains. It is named, Backroads of North Carolina: Your Guide to Great Day Trips & Weekend Getaways, by Kevin Adams. It will help you find, visit, and photograph the Blue Ridge Parkway and Cherohala Skyway.

Alternatively, do a Google search on Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Parkway, or Cherohala Skyway and you'll find a plethora of free maps and guides to the areas. If you see a white Jeep Wrangler parked alongside the road, and a few guys with Nikons and tripods, stop and say hello. I'm sure it'll be me and my Nikonian buddies. Thanks for taking a trip with me. See you in the mountains!

Keep on capturing time...
Darrell Young
See my Nikon books here:

1 comment:

  1. Thanks for posting your tips on photographing the Appalachian Mountains. Your photographs are inspiring.